Document Forgery and College Life

 Document forgery is of big interest to me because as a college student I have been exposed to it a lot. In the world of college, money is tight and we are pretty much broke for 4 years until we graduate and get jobs. Our finances are obsolete during the process and that can drive a college student mad when he wants to buy some simple things like clothes and sneakers. In the midst of that frustration some students get campus jobs that don’t pay much, or use their refund checks to pay for books which are overly priced. College is stressful and demanding and in these situations, some students are driven to do the worst. One would think that a student should have temperance and be able to coop, but it is quite the opposite and the inevitable happens in times of great desperation.

 arrest1In 2015, two university students from British Columbia were charged with Fraud amounting to under $5000 in damage and a uttering forged documents charge. The government claimed that they conducted over 30 fraudulent transactions, with several thousand dollars in losses. In a similar college student related incident, a student was charged with forging prescriptions at several pharmacies in order to obtain narcotics that were not prescribed by his doctor. In both cases the lawyers were able to get the students off with conditional discharges with no criminal records. That’s right, they got to walk way scotch free and these kinds of crimes usually hold at a maximum of 10 years imprisonment for such conduct but in both cases. These students were basically given amnesty without any impunity. This is another reason why this occurs and why students would even dare a feat of this magnitude, because they know in lieu of getting caught that a slap on the wrist could be given to them by a forgiving system and maybe a pricey lawyer.

 Anyways, in all of these student related crimes, these students had access Ringgit-filepic2-AFP_620_403_100to technology that made it easy to forge and duplicate documents without being detected by many businesses and establishments. They should know better and exercise better judgement being intellects and being able to make better decisions, but that obviously was not exercised in this case and many others. Students should not be held to a higher level of decency in society and what needs to be done in these instances is implementation of higher security measures. Well-trained document inspectors at every place where this crime could possibly take place, with technical assistance would be the best asset to have.  This would insure that the prevention of forged documents would be ceased in production. And lastly, inhibit those who get away with it by using this technique with unknowing people who are responsible for giving consumers what they need when they present these fake documents.

The biometrics system is fine and scanning also provides additional security to lessen these crimes but personnel is more important. Many of times have I seen people in college go to places using fake Ids and use fraudulent credit cards with little scrutiny. I understand that the business benefits regardless of where the money comes from, but it is at the expense of the card holder funding. This is another reason as to why personnel is important because some people, even though they are against fraudulence, don’t enforce the law on people who violate because they do not feel responsible and leave it up to the person who is being wronged to act upon it. This lax behaviour also adds to this issue and this cycle of events keeps it alive.

Document Forgery – Fake ID’s Anyone?

 Fake Identifications has always been a common way to lie about how old you are. And why would someone want a fake ID? A college student may say to take advantage of getting into bars as freshmen. They could even go as so far using it for liquor purchases toward a keg party with their favourite sorority. A tax payer may even say to avoid paying higher taxes and to qualify for some tax exemptions. But, never would you think someone would falsify their identification to be younger. And if so, what margin are we talking about?

Jonathan Nicola

THIS IS A WEB-OPTIMIZED CROP OF THE IMAGE. Jonathan was accused of posing as a teenager while playing for a Windsor-area school. (Photo courtesy North Pole Hoops)  Uploaded by: Perry, Rod

 Jonathan Nicola, who was a basketball star who played for Windsor-Essex Catholic High School in Windsor, Ontario, claimed that he was 17 years old upon reaching in Canada as a refuge from South Sudan. Officials actually believed this claim without any type of scrutiny. His age was actually discovered when the school was going to play a game in the US and US officials claimed when he tried to enter the US his birthday was reported differently and that he was in fact 29 years old! Now, there are many cases where there are overly sized high school athletes that emerge in high school and dominate amongst their peers, but with all honesty this looks like he can be someone’s father! He is now way struck me at first glance, as someone who could pass for a teen of adolescence. His age change is more than a decade apart and his appearance shows for it. He claimed he never knew his age as a refuge and that he was simply playing basketball because in Africa these opportunities never seldom arise. This is a fair stance to take, however, there are different ways of going about it, and I would not disadvantage kids that are not in his age bracket by doing so.

Miguel Tejada

The Kansas City Royals' Miguel Tejada throws up his hands after flying out to end the first inning against the Boston Red Sox on Saturday, August 10, 2013, at Kauffman Stadium in Kansas City, Missouri. (John Sleezer/Kansas City Star/MCT via Getty Images)

 Miguel Tejada, former American League Most Valuable Player, also fibbed about his age to qualify to play in Dominican Summer League when he was 19, but stated he was 17. His claim that of the same. He wanted to help out his family while and do bigger things in life. He later confessed to it before signing with another club in the MLB, saying he wanted to be honest and truthful with this ball club, be he already lied before getting into the league. The problem is with athletes lying and falsifying documents so they can qualify for younger play is that it is just not fair and a clear misrepresentation of their true athletic ability at that age. If everyone was doing that there would be a displacement in age brackets and take a terrible turn for the worst. For example, say I was an underage minor, who so happened to be a girl, and got into a bar that was 21 years of age and up. And let’s just say I met a guy who was older because it is in fact a bar that requires people of age to be allowed admittance in. If something were to happen with me and that person of age that would qualify as statutory rap. How would that gentlemen know he was doing anything wrong, if it is assumed that everyone in the bar is 21 years of age an up. You see the kinds of dangers document forgery or falsifying IDs can have with minors, and the same applies to sports as well when you have illegitimate athletes posing as kids displacing them amongst their peers as well. It is fraudulent and ultimately leads to misrepresentation of who they are.

What to Know About Documentation Forgery

Documentation forgery is one of today’s most common practices. You would think with the internet and credit cards that it would crack down a little bit, but this trend continues to pervade. As long as currency can be produced in the form of paper and it exists, there will always be some form of tomfoolery because this enables people who tamper with money and for whatever strange reason; they always find a way to make it undetectable. Nowadays, technology and the use of laser printers usually make this fraudulence possible, but there are many ways to put a stop or at least slow down this epidemic.

201202091402260For starters, tracking the main source would be the most important. In fact, document forensics technology; have come up with techniques that can trace manufactured currency back to the individual that owns the specific printer being used. And what they do is analyze the counterfeit bill in ways they can detect subtle nuances that only certain machines can produce. By doing that they can determine the brand and model of the device. Meaning, if a printer, such as a HP Hewlett Laser Jet, printed a certain feature in a character that has been skewed in the counterfeit bill that the naked eye didn’t notice and this high-tech technology had the ability of noticing, it would mean a huge crack down this funny money. Well that is what this document forensics, in fact, did. They used their vector machines which produce algorithms, to seek out differences in different printing techniques.

According to the EURSAP Journal, there vector machines reached a 94.8% average accuracy, when they tested for foreground text, noise, and the background of the bill in its relation to a specific machine. There techniques involve methods that make this possible which I will briefly break down for you. In laser printing you have what is called an electroencephalographic-basically a picture produced from a certain device- process that consists of six steps: Charging, exposure, developing, transferring, fusing, and cleaning. After that process is done the optoelectronics device – the part of the printer that generates the picture, transforms it, and then transmits it on to the given document- produces the final product. The algorithm distinguished documents printed, and this allowed document forensics to decipher between ink jet printers, laser printers, and electrostatic copiers. Pretty cool right.

Capture

By doing these algorithms, we see the difference between the given images and it allows us to detect details which are minute, but are only produced by certain computers.  If you look at the Figure 1 you will notice how (a) which is laser-printed, has somewhat of a glossy shiny appearance. (b) Which is a ink-jet , while not a big difference, has lower quality than the laser-printed “the”. Example (c) Is the money maker and actually is the scanned copy of the document and you will notice that it is not as low quality as the ink-jet, but not quite as high quality as the laser-printer because of the degradation – breaking down – caused by scanning the document. They made scientific computations in interpreting what kinds of altering tools were used in making the letters appear real by implementing formulas that give them a spot on analysis of how it was accomplished. This is primarily what document forensics’ need in tracing culprits. It has its draw backs when the resolution is not fully optimal, but besides that it’s a good system.

When these techniques emerge they are going to be ground breaking and virtually make it impossible to get away with such document fraud.  In fact this would go past detecting money. This system will be able to detect fake passports, driver’s licenses, and a whole plethora of documents which have fooled people into thinking they were authentic.